The **Discounted Cash Flow** model remains the most popular way to value a stock. One of the reasons for its popularity is its focus on cash flow which is a more reliable than using earnings which can be misleading.

*ValueGain's* discounted cash flow model is based on expected future cash flow and a discount rate. It is the foundation of most valuation models.

Financial theory says that the value of a stock is the present value of future cash flows.

The discounted cash flow model values a stock against expected future cash flow. The model is based on the **Time Value of Money**. Time value of money is the concept that $1000 today is worth more than $1000 in the future because the $1000 today can be invested to be more than $1000 in the future. The amount that future cash flow is discounted is the “risk free rate”. We have assumed a risk free rate equal to the cash rate.

Parameters that can be changed by users to change the selected formula's result include the following:

This percentage amount represents the amount of average annual growth anticipated in the period selected in the **Years to Forecast** setting.

The value is an average of analysts forecasts for **EPS** growth over 5 years which is then averaged.

This percentage amount represents the growth in earnings after the number of years forecast to infinity.

The default value is 0%, which means that after the number of years forecast, it is assumed that earnings will stay the same from year to year.

This percentage amount represents the risk free rate which is usually taken to be the cash rate or the yield from AAA bonds.

The default value is the current yield from AAA bonds.

The **Fair Value** calculation results are displayed after the calculator name in the **Calculator Selection List**.

Users cannot directly alter the resulting **Fair Value**, however changing the highlighted parameters (**yellow** background and **blue** outline) will normally result in a change in results for that calculator and any other calculators that use those parameters.

Some of the results for the individual stock can be displayed in tables and graphs in the **Results Display** area on the right side of the work page.

For a detailed description of these tables and graphs, go to the Results Display topic.

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